Meet the faces of the ‘Storming of Bolton’: David the Basket Maker

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Almost 375 years since the notorious ‘Bolton Massacre’, Roundheads and Cavaliers will again descend on Bolton on 7-8 July for an exciting FREE event featuring thrilling battles and fascinating ‘living history’. Click here for more details…

Step into our encampment in the grounds of Bolton School and you’ll step back in time to 1644 – but who will you meet there…?

35514105_10155235792586529_8708211252528152576_nDavid Wickar comes from a long line of basket makers. From Hull to Bolton, his ancestors have worked the willow for generations to supply the good folk of Lancashire and Yorkshire with their wares.

But David is an enterprising sort: not content with providing Bolton’s goodwives with a steady source of basketry for their food and linen, he has his eye on greater opportunities…

“With Prince Rupert set to descend on this town, I foresee a dire need for wicker coffins, but I may find it difficult to meet the demand.

“One thing is certain, though – I have a very special basket ready for the King’s lackey, that sworn servant of Babylon, the Earl of Derby! As you can see it is made-to-measure for the size of his head. Who knows, maybe one day it will come in useful, that is if I don’t spear him with my bodkin first.”

But David Wickar will have no time for that. Bolton’s local market for fustians – a hard-wearing cloth made of cotton and linen, for which Bolton has become famous – is a steady customer for his work, and with the new saplings ready, he will be working full pelt to make as many baskets as he can for the town’s weekly market.

You are invited to come and see what he is making next week – if you can stop him from getting onto the battlefield, that is. If he is not to be located in his workshop, he is sure to be found manning the barricades on Bradshawgate, protecting the town from Rupert’s Papist hordes!

Come along and meet David at The Storming of Bolton at Bolton School, Chorley New Rd, Bolton BL1 4PA on 7-8 July, from 10am to 4pm with battle in the afternoon!

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Having a blazing hot time at Newark – on and off the battlefield!

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We’re all back home after a brilliant weekend at Newark in Nottinghamshire, battling on the original earthwork defences of the town at the Queen’s Sconce in the blazing hot sun – not even an England game could stop us (though we were very pleased with the score when we got back to camp!).

Photos by Andrew Garratt 

The home of the National Civil War Museum, Newark was one of King’s Charles most important bastions and is blessed to have these incredible defences still there, set in a lovely little public park, and available for us to battle on. We were reenacting two scenes from the first siege of the Royalist town in 1643, with a ‘Living History’ camp perched atop the slope and with a battle each day.

Photos above by Andrew Garratt 

Our pike division joined with their friends in Hutchinson’s and Gell’s regiments to form a ‘Fairfax’s’ block, facing off against The King’s Lifeguard, who were also organisers of the event. It’s hard work in that kind of heat but they acquitted themselves well and won the field both days – a huge ‘huzzah’ to our KG friends for their admirable stand and dogged determination, they are an inspiration!

Meanwhile, on the crowdline our musket division joined with Lord Grey’s musket to take on Prince Rupert’s musket – despite being outnumbered three-to-one they held their own and even managed to fit in some hammy ‘casualty’ acting!

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Photos by John Beardsworth

And, of course, once the battle was over and the public had gone there was the chance to kick back and have some fun! Thanks to some glorious weather, after battle we chilled out on our campsite as the sun went down before heading to the beer tent for some laughs, though while we know our Quartermaster Brian loves the beer tent, we don’t think he banked on getting handcuffed to it! (don’t worry, it was all for charity and he did get released … eventually)

At this event we got to welcome a new member, Ben, who came along as a ‘temp member’ to see whether the Sealed Knot is for him – he loved it and will be coming back for more! After giving musket a go on the first day, he decided to try pike and turns out to be something of a natural. We’re looking forward to seeing him at future events. This is a ‘before and after’ shot of him after a weekend of two battles and much hard partying…!

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And a good regiment should always look to the future and make sure the next generation catch the reenactment bug – though perhaps our member Scott might be starting his daughter, Penny, a little too soon…

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Meet the faces of the ‘Storming of Bolton’: Lieutenant Laugharne!

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Almost 375 years since the notorious ‘Bolton Massacre’, Roundheads and Cavaliers will again descend on Bolton on 7-8 July for an exciting FREE event featuring thrilling battles and fascinating ‘living history’. Click here for more details…

Step into our encampment in the grounds of Bolton School on 7-8 July and you’ll step back in time to 1644 – but who will you meet?

Bolton was an important bastion for Parliament in Lancashire – troops marched from it to capture Blackburn, Preston, and Lancaster – but the threat from the Royalists was always there and the town had already seen off one attempt to take it. When he heard that Prince Rupert was marching north with a great army, Parliamentarian commander Colonel Alexander Rigby broke off his ineffectual siege of nearby Lathom House and divided his forces – a third went to Liverpool, a third to Lancaster, and – after much dithering – Rigby heading with the rest for Bolton and its crumbling earthwork defences.

It’s at these defences you’ll meet Lieutenant Graham Laugharne – an old veteran now turning all his skills towards the fight against the Royalists…

graham03“I was born in 1591, the bastard son of John Laugharne of Pembrokeshire.

“I was never going to be accepted in the same way that my legitimate younger brother, Rowland, would be. My father John decided that I needed to learn a trade and so apprenticed me to the local cobbler.

“My master was a veteran of the wars fought by Queen Bess against the Spanish Catholics and, during my apprenticeship, I was fortunate enough to have him school me in the art of war, becoming proficient with both musket and sword.

“At the age of 27, I travelled to Europe and also spent my time fighting the Spanish – this time for the Protestant cause in the Low Countries, where I rose to the rank of Captain.

“In 1642, in my 51st year, my father called me home from my wandering – the King and Parliament were in dispute and I joined my younger brother, Rowland, in service of our Parliament, defending its right against the King’s tyrannical advisors. Whilst Rowland was at Pembroke and Tenby, my military service made me useful and I was sent to north into England to Bolton to help train the raw troops of Alexander Rigby, then the commander of the Parliament troops in Lancashire.

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“The devil makes work for idle hands and in the quiet interludes between fighting our enemy my old skills working with leather came in handy – much of our equipment needs to be repaired and we do not have the luxury of time to wait for professional workers to arrive, so I have taken up my old tools once again.

“You will see me most days in our camp at Bolton – either training the troops with sword or sitting with needle and awl repairing kit.”

Come and meet Lieutenant Laugharne at The Storming of Bolton, a FREE event at Bolton School, Chorley New Rd, Bolton BL1 4PA on 7-8 July, from 10am to 4pm with battle in the afternoon!

Meet the faces of the ‘Storming of Bolton’: Medley the Gong Farmer!

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Almost 375 years since the notorious ‘Bolton Massacre’, Roundheads and Cavaliers will again descend on Bolton on 7-8 July for an exciting FREE event featuring thrilling battles and fascinating ‘living history’. Click here for more details…

Step into our encampment in the grounds of Bolton School on 7-8 July and you’ll step back in time to 1644 – but who will you meet?

Medley the Gong Farmer is a man with an unenviable but very important job – though you’ll probably smell him before you see him! We asked him to explain what he does…

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“The most important job in the city, and a rather lucrative one!” he says!

“Medley Gong Farming has been in business for years. When your cesspit, privy, dovecot, or jack is full – leave word for me at the Sign of the Bucket, ‘pon Deansgate. I come round by night with my spade and bucket, and clear all the bad ‘air’ from your premises.

“A city lives by its cleanliness and ability to grow food, so the gong farmer takes all waste outside the city walls to sell it to farmers or to the gunpowder mills – quite literally, another man’s waste is another man’s treasure! I don’t care that no-one will stand near me at church come Sunday – it’s a good living … so long as you don’t slip and end up drowning…

“When it is to be used as manure for the fields then the process is straightforward but, in the 17th Century, for muck to truly become brass you must make it into Saltpetre!

“Saltpetre makes up three quarters of the recipe for good gunpowder and so is in short supply during this Civil War. My Saltpetre will go towards making gunpowder for the troops garrisoning Bolton against the Royalists – without it, Prince Rupert’s men will walk all over us!

“Why not come and ask me all about it? I’ll be applying my trade in Bolton on the 7th & 8th of July. No need to hold your nose…”

So come along to The Storming of Bolton at Bolton School, Chorley New Rd, Bolton BL1 4PA on 7-8 July, from 10am to 4pm with battle in the afternoon!

WATCH THE TRAILER for The Storming of Bolton, 7 & 8 July!

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Cannon will fire, drums will sound, and swords will clash as the English Civil War returns to Bolton in a fantastic FREE event!

Roundheads and Cavaliers will descend on Bolton School THIS WEEKEND (7-8 July) for ‘The Storming of Bolton’ – an exciting weekend of thrilling battles and fascinating ‘living history’

The event is FREE, with a fascinating living history encampment open from 10am until 4pm where you can…

  • Learn about life in Bolton during the English Civil Wars!
  • Take part in a fun scavenger hunt around the fascinating historical encampment!
  • Listen to our fire-and-brimstone Puritan preacher, visit the apothecary, and discover the Gong Farmer’s smelly secret – but watch out for the Rat Catcher!
  • Find out what it’s like to be a Parliamentarian soldier – watch muskets firing and join them as they drill for battle!
  • Watch as cannons and muskets fire in a thrilling battle reenactment as the townspeople defend Bolton from the Royalists’ attack!

Battle will take place at 1pm as Royalist forces storm the town’s defences and the Parliamentarian troops stage a desperate last stand!

Where: Bolton School, Chorley New Rd, Bolton BL1 4PA

When: 10am – 4pm, 7-8 July 2018

  • 10am The Garrison’s encampment opens
    Learn about life in Bolton during the English Civil Wars & take part in a fun scavenger
    hunt! Talk to the cooks, visit the apothecary, watch leatherworkers and weavers tend to their chores, and discover the Gong Farmer’s smelly secret – but watch out for the Rat Catcher!
  • 10.30am Morning Prayers
    The people of Bolton were staunch Calvinists Puritans – watch as the preacher brings them & the garrison to prayer, then discover why Bolton was known as ‘The Geneva of the North’
  • 11am & 12noon Displays of Arms
    Find out what it’s like to be a Parliamentarian soldier – watch muskets firing and discover how musketeers, pikemen, and drummers all worked together. Then join in with drill as the soldiers prepare for battle!
  • 1pm Battle begins
    Watch as the Royalist army of Prince Rupert attacks the defences of Bolton! Col. Alexander Rigby’s Parliamentarian garrison and the townspeople must fight for their lives – but what price will they pay if they lose?
  • 4pm Encampment closes

Keep up to date with the Storming of Bolton Facebook event…

Thanks to the generous support of Bolton School and a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund, the weekend forms part of a special project aiming to improve educational access for children from across the town.

Known as ‘the Geneva of the North’ due to its staunchly Puritan population, Bolton was attacked in May 1644 by forces led by King Charles’ nephew, the dashing Prince Rupert, on his way to relieve the siege of York. After repelling the first assault, Parliamentarian defenders hanged one of Rupert’s officers, which led to a notorious massacre when the Royalists finally stormed the town – with up to a thousand soldiers and civilians killed in the rout! Local magnate, the Earl of Derby, was later executed next to Bolton Market Cross for his part in the massacre and the third Civil War in 1651.

The Poet MP and the 1643 Plot Against Parliament

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London, 1643 – a city under threat, a resurgent enemy, dangers around every corner. And a poet, engaged by a king to lead a plot to restore him to his throne…

The year 1643 would prove to be the ‘high water mark’ of the Royalist cause in the first English Civil War. Only months after the inconclusive Battle of Edgehill in October 1642, the King seemed to have the upper hand, both politically and militarily. Thanks to defeats handed out to the Parliamentarian armies of Sir William Waller and the Earl of Stamford, and Prince Rupert aiming to confront and destroy the prevaricating Earl of Essex’s main field army, the King now sought to exploit political divisions amongst his opponents in London and weaken their cause. Between late February and late April, Parliament took measures to stiffen its cause while it faced a difficult military situation and it was during this time that Charles encouraged the development of what became known as The Waller Plot…

(c) Bodleian Libraries; Supplied by The Public Catalogue FoundationBorn in 1605 at Colshill in Hertfordshire, by the 1640s Edmund Waller had become a notable MP and poet. His father died when he was a baby but left him well-off, while his uncle on his mother’s side was politician and future Ship Money rebel John Hampden. His separate lives as a politician and a poet began virtually at the same time: he was 18 when he wrote his first poem – ‘Of the Danger His Majesty (Being Prince) Escaped in the Road at St. Andero’ about the then-Prince Charles – and became MP for Amersham around the same time. He was reelected for the Short Parliament and then became MP for St Ives in the Long Parliament.

Initially a supporter of John Pym, the King’s chief critic in Parliament, he then moved over to a group of moderates led by Viscount Falkland and Edward Hyde – although Waller was careful to avoid directly criticising the king, these were definitely not arch-Royalists and opposed Charles’ brand of absolute monarchy. Yet Waller became increasingly concerned over Parliament’s attempts to interfere with the Royal prerogative and, as tensions between King and Parliament increased, he gravitated towards the King while also urging Parliament to seek an accommodation with him to avoid open conflict. He remained in Parliament after the outbreak of the Civil War, still arguing on behalf of the Crown.

Plots and the uncovering of them were virtually ten-a-penny in 1640s London and, following the collapse of peace talks in March 1643 and as Parliament took important measures to shore up its military situation, Charles gave encouragement to a plan to deliver London to him by stealth…

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Waller was one of the commissioners nominated by Parliament to negotiate with the King at Oxford, although he was not trusted to be one of the principle negotiators. When the commissioners were presented to Charles, Dr Johnson later recounted that the King said to Waller “Though you are the last, you are not the lowest nor the least in my favour.” This was later taken to be either a subtle acknowledgement of the plot’s existence or a kind word from his monarch which then gave Waller the idea for the conspiracy. Either way, Charles already had a reputation for duplicitousness – seeming to encourage reconciliation in good faith while secretly plotting to gain the upper hand – and it was a characteristic that would later lead him to the scaffold.

Once back in London, Waller began plotting with his reluctant brother-in-law, Nathanial Tomkins (an influential London man, MP for Carlisle and Christchurch, and clerk to Queen Henrietta Maria’s Council) and a wealthy linen draper called Richard Chaloner. Not without some justification, they believed there were strong support for peace in London, as well as moderate factions in Parliament who were still hopeful of a reconciliation with Charles I. According to Clarendon, the plot aimed to create a groundswell of Royalist support in the city and then force Parliament to negotiate by withholding the taxes it desperately relied on to fun the war. As chief conspirator, Waller’s impressive list of contacts included the Earl of Northumberland, John Selden, Bulstrode Whitelocke and Simonds D’Ewes, all of them prominent Puritan critics of Charles l’s government.

They proceeded with great caution – only three conspirators met in one place, and no man was allowed to reveal the plot to more than two others, so that if any were suspected or seized no more than three others could endangered. The bibliophile politician Lord Conway joined in the plot and they conspired to conduct a census of those in London who secretly supported the King – a conspirator was to be appointed in every district to distinguish between friends of the king, adherents to the parliament, and neutrals. Parliamentarian leader John Pym later claimed that the results of their survey showed that within the walls of London there was one Royalist for every three Parliamentarians, but outside the walls it was one for Parliament against five for the King.

But while the plot seems to have begun as a means to peacefully force Parliament to seek a negotiated settlement, it soon developed into plans for an armed rising – the King issued a commission to 17 prominent London citizens, empowering them to lead an armed rising on his behalf. The Tower of London and strong points in the city would be captured and leading Parliamentarians were to be seized in their beds as a prelude to a general uprising by Royalist supporters before the gates were thrown open to troops sent from Oxford.

The plot was soon betrayed by one of Tomkins’s servants, possibly due to the boasting of loose-lipped conspirators, but news of the discovery was deliberately withheld by the Parliamentarian leadership for full propaganda effect: it was revealed theatrically on the official fast day of 31 May, when MPs were summoned from morning worship. Despite the culprits being already arrested, a precautionary mustering of the militia caused a considerable stir in the city.

The exposure of the King’s duplicity in negotiating while encouraging an armed uprising in the city did his cause considerable harm and the parliamentary leadership was quick to seize the initiative. As Ian Roy detailed in ”This Proud Unthankefull City’: A Cavalier View of London in the Civil War’ in London and the Civil War (1996): “a day of thanksgiving was ordered, to praise the Lord and His mercies to embattled London (now miraculously pre-served from imminent destruction), and Pym at last was able to gain acceptance for his long-wished-for scheme to impose a binding, and divinely sanctioned, loyalty oath upon his followers. In June a vow and covenant was made law, by which all men could dedicate themselves anew to the cause of parliament.’ Harsh measures followed. The royal peace messengers, whose incautious boasts had alerted the authorities in the first place, were arrested and died in prison … The houses and goods of those citizens named in the commission were seized.”

Once in captivity, Waller quickly turned informer against his fellow conspirators, making an “abject speech of recantation” before the Commons and – following examination by the Earl of Manchester and other commissioners – provided a full confession of “whatever he had said heard, thought or seen, and all that he knew… or suspected of others”. He then bought his way out of trouble – he paid bribes to leading members of the Commons and, after spending a year and a half in the Tower of London without trial, was fined £10,000 (effectively a year’s income) and allowed to go into exile in November 1644.

Tomkins and Challoner were less wealthy and less fortunate. Both sticking to their principles, they were tried and then hanged outside Tomkins’ home on Fetter Lane in London on 5 July 1643, their bodies were then exposed to the public gaze. Speaking from the scaffold, Tomkins blamed his involvement on his affection for his brother-in-law and loyalty to the King, but denied that he was an atheist or a Catholic: “I have sometimes had conferences and disputes with some Jesuits (in foreign parts chiefly). I thank God my principles of religion were so grounded they could never shake me. I have been called by some of them an heretic in grain. But … in regard of some relations, and in regard I received very civil usage from those of that religion in foreign parts … I returned the like civility to them here as I had occasion.”

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The theatrical revelation of the Waller Plot was used to justify the imposition of a new ‘Vow and Covenant’ to shore up support for the continued war effort. It threatened that there was a “popish and traitorous plot, for the subversion of the true Protestant reformed religion, and the liberty of the subject”, pursued by a Roman Catholic army demonstrated by the “treacherous and horrid design lately discovered, by the great blessing and especial providence of God … all who are true-hearted and lovers of their country should bind themselves each to other in a Sacred Vow and Covenant”. In God’s Fury, England’s Fire: A New History of the English Civil Wars, Michael Braddick says “subscribers were to acknowledge these distractions to be a punishment for their sins, and to promise not to lay down arms while the papists were in arms; to disavow the late plot and report any future ones; and most importantly, ‘according to my power and vocation, assist the forces raised and continued by both Houses of Parliament, against the forces raised by the King without their consent’. By declaring that ‘I do believe, in my conscience, that the forces raised by the two Houses of Parliament are raised and continued for their just defence, and for the defence of the true Protestant religion, and liberties of the subject, against the forces raised by the King’, the Vow had in effect dropped claims that the armies were fighting for the defence of the King’s honour and person. This was made the substance of a separate short declaration of ‘loyalty to the King’s person, his crown and dignity”.

This meant the moderate ‘Peace Party’ in Parliament was almost fatally compromised and hopes of a peaceful settlement to the war were dashed as those who had pushed for a negotiated peace were forced to disavow any sympathy for the plotters’ aims and to reaffirm their support for military action through the Vow and Covenant. Many prominent waverers and secret sympathisers fled the capital, making their way to the King’s court at Oxford, and a string of Royalist victories in the summer of 1643 only hastened the flow as Parliament’s military situation worsened. In London, the plot – and others that arose throughout the year – stoked fears of a Royalist Fifth Column only too eager to open the gates to the invader. Royalist captives were temporarily held in prison hulks in the Thames, there were moves to create a new army with a fresh commander, military control of London was transferred from the Earl of Essex to Lord Mayor Pennington.

For his exile, Waller chose Roan in France before moving to Paris, and then Switzerland, taking his new wife Mary with him. In 1645 his poems were first published in London as he travelled in Europe with the writer and diarist John Evelyn. During the worst period of his exile he had to sell his wife’s jewels to maintain himself but remained hopeful of a reconciliation with the Commonwealth government. In part thanks to the support of his near-relations Oliver Cromwell and Adrian Scrope, the Rump Parliament allowed him to return to England in January 1652. He had good relations with Cromwell, to whom he published A Panegyric to my Lord Protector in 1653, and was made a Commissioner for Trade a month or two later. He wrote several other poems in support of Cromwell and the Protectorate over the next few years, until the Restoration in 1660. Waller expressed his support for Charles II with his 1660 poem To the King, upon his Majesty’s Happy Return. Challenged by the new king to explain why it was inferior to his eulogy of Cromwell, the poet replied, “Sir, we poets never succeed so well in writing truth as in fiction”.

1024px-Edmund_Waller_by_John_RileyWaller was returned to the Cavalier Parliament in 1661 as MP for Hastings and soon become a familiar face, a moderate MP who refused to give unalloyed support to any administration and supported religious toleration at a time when non-conformism was often regarded with suspicion. Interestingly, he attempted to act as a broker between the factions that developed between 1678 and 1681 around the Popish Plot, the fictitious conspiracy concocted by Titus Oates that whipped up anti-Catholic hysteria, but he found little success and later withdrew from active politics.

Waller’s poems were widely read during the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and enjoyed a revival in the early 20th; a 1717 engraving by George Vertue showed him alongside the prominent English poets Samuel Butler, John Milton, Abraham Cowley and Geoffrey Chaucer.

He died at home in in Buckinghamshire, surrounded by his family, on 21 October 1687, and was buried in the churchyard of St Mary and All Saints Church, Beaconsfield.

 

Sources:

David Scott – Politics and War in the Three Stuart Kingdoms, 1637-49 (2003)
Michael Braddick – ‘History, Liberty, Reformation and The Cause: Parliamentarian military and ideological escalation in 1643’ (in The Experience of Revolution in Stuart Britain and Ireland (2011), ed: MJ Braddick, David L. Smith)
Michael Braddick – God’s Fury, England’s Fire: A New History of the English Civil Wars (2009)
Stephen Porter (ed.) – London and the Civil War (1996)

The best 17th Century accounts to follow on Instagram – Part One

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By now, we hope that those of you who are on Instagram are already following the Earl of Manchester’s Regiment of Foote account, but beyond that, which are the best accounts to follow if you’ve got a passion for the period? We’ve found that Instagram is a great way to find both historical and reenactment accounts that inspire and inform – and we wanted to introduce you to just some of our 17th Century favourites!

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Andrea Zuvich

Andrea’s account is definitely the place to start if you’re looking for 17th Century things on Instagram – she’s a writer and historian who is a great guide to the art and people of the ‘Long 17th Century’,her posts both on Instagram and Twitter are always enthralling and it’s a pleasure to see what she’s reading and where she’s visiting. We also enjoy participating in things like #StuartSaturday on her Twitter!

Follow Andrea on Instagram

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Marsh’s Library

Marsh’s Library in Dublin was Ireland’s first public library, founded in 1707, and holds an impressive collection of over 25,000 books and 300 manuscripts on its shelves. Their Instagram account is a great mix of the fun and the informative, stretching across documents and manuscripts from the 16th, 17th and 18th Centuries. We hope we can visit one day!

Follow Marsh’s Library on Instagram

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 Bethany Parker

Bethany is a RCA/V&A MA student with a passion for art and textiles from the Renaissance to Baroque. What Beth doesn’t know about the period isn’t worth learning and all of her photos are inspiring – whether it’s images from the incredible historical collections she visits, research she’s undertaking, or the fun she’s having! She’s also a English Civil War reenactor with Sergeant Major General Phillip Skippon’s Regiment of the Sealed Knot. If you want to deepen your knowledge of the 17th Century, this is definitely an account to follow.

Follow Bethany on Instagram

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Harvington Hall

Let’s be honest, we’re desperately in love with this moated Elizabethan house in the Worcestershire countryside – and we’ve never even visited! THAT’S how great their official Instagram account is, their amazing photos give you a real taste for a very special place that comes with – count them – SEVEN priest hides, some of which were made during the 1620s and ’40s, when being a priest in England was a very risky business!

Follow Harvington Hall on Instagram

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Old England Grown New

If you’re into 17th Century history you HAVE to follow Dan Rosen aka Old England Grown New. He’s the Master Artisan of Historical Clothing and Textiles at Plimoth Plantation Museum in Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA, which sounds impressive enough and that’s before you see some of the incredible replica garments he makes. His dedication to authenticity is truly inspiring!

Follow Dan on Instagram

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Common Reenactors

This account by Baška and Milan, who are 30 Years War reenactors from Slovakia, is possibly our favourite 17th Century reenactment account on Instagram – knowledgeable and passionate, their posts always tell a story with vivid images and vignettes. Equally fascinating are the posts about the new kit they’re making, which is incredibly inspirational. Those interested in the 17th Century and the English Civil War ignore the 30 Years War at their peril – it heavily influenced what happened in Britain in the 1640s and Milan’s research into the life of the common soldier and the common man are compelling – check out his blog for details about recreating the marches soldiers had to endure! How they find the time for all of this, we don’t know but they also show bits of their ‘real’ lives and even (gasp!) other reenactment periods! 😉 Plus, we *briefly* bumped into them on a battlefield in the Netherlands!

Follow Baška and Milan on Instagram