The consequences of killing a king…

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When the English Civil Wars ended, it did so with England declared a republic and with Scotland and Ireland crushed beneath the new Cromwellian regime. King in all but name, Oliver Cromwell now ruled as Hobbes’ ‘Leviathan

But despite the achievements of his Protectorate in trade and war, England was still under a military dictatorship, and times were uncertain and hard for the populace.

So when Cromwell died and the brief regime of his son, Richard, collapsed soon after, it’s no surprise that people yearned for the certainties of the pre-war period. Charles II, long exiled in Europe after the disastrous Third English Civil War, was invited back by a ‘Convention Parliament’ stuffed with his supporters and he returned to a rapturous welcome from his subjects – even being welcomed by the Earl of Manchester.

But what about the men who had signed Charles I’s death warrant? While some were pardoned and found a place in this new world, others discovered that there was no corner of the world that they could hide from the new king’s revenge…

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